考研英语写作核心词汇表

王江涛整理14/01/2020
 
  《考研写作核心词汇表》摘自《2020考研英语高分写作》,王江涛整理,群言出版社,2019年3月。转载请注明出处!(考研科目有哪些,具体如何考

           考研
  
  一、环境保护:
  
  环境保护environmental protection
  
  可持续发展战略sustainable development strategy
  
  节能(节约能源)save energy
  
  减排(减少温室气体排放)reduce the emission of greenhouse gases
  
  环境恶化environmental deterioration
  
  空气污染air pollution
  
  雾霾 haze, smog
  
  汽车尾气排放motor vehicle exhaust
  
  垃圾分类:garbage classification
  
  限期治理undertake treatment within a prescribed limit of time
  
  限制使用一次性塑料袋limit/ban/prohibit the use of disposable plastic bags
  
  提高环保意识enhance environmental awareness
  
  保持生态平衡keep ecological balance
  
  全球变暖global warming
  
  低碳经济low carbon economy
  
  过度开发reckless exploitation
  
  乱扔垃圾litter
  
  二、教育文化
  
  (一)教育:
  
  学士学位bachelor's degree
  
  学杂费tuition fees and other expenses
  
  博士学位doctor's degree
  
  获得学位acquire degree
  
  终身教育life-long education
  
  素质教育education for all-round development
  
  理论知识theoretical knowledge
  
  实践技能practical skills
  
  硕士学位master's degree
  
  文学硕士Master of Arts(M.A.)
  
  理学硕士Master of Science(M.S)
  
  高等教育higher education
  
  激发兴趣stimulate one's interest
  
  开发潜能tap one's potential
  
  兼职work part-time
  
  招生recruitment
  
  大学毕业生college/university graduates
  
  信息时代information era
  
  知识爆炸时代era of knowledge explosion
  
  开阔眼界broaden one's horizon
  
  就业市场job market
  
  考研National Entrance Test for M.A./M.S. Candidates
  
  出国 study abroad/overseas
  
  创业 start/run one’s own business
  
  就业 seek employment/find a job
  
  录取enrollment
  
  申请入学apply for admission to/into
  
  做出正确选择 make right choices
  
  (二)文化
  
  文化交流cultural exchanges
  
  文化融合cultural blending/integration
  
  传统中国文化traditional Chinese culture
  
  道家Daoism/Taoism
  
  西方文化western cultures
  
  多元文化multi-cultures, pluralistic/mosaic cultures
  
  保存珍惜preserve and cherish
  
  虚拟生活virtual life
  
  网上交友making friends online
  
  佛家Buddhism
  
  电视广告泛滥the pervasive advertisements on TV
  
  偶像崇拜idol worship
  
  上网成瘾web addiction
  
  数码产品digital products
  
  网上购物online shopping
  
  网络游戏online games
  
  取其精华,去其糟粕absorb it's essence and resist it's dark side
  
  儒家Confucianism
  
  手机入网mobile phone subscription
  
  三、人生哲理类
  
  独立independence
  
  自立self-dependence
  
  溺爱doting care, spoil
  
  获得成功achieve success
  
  信心confidence
  
  自信self-confidence
  
  缺乏自信the lack of confidence
  
  高估困难exaggerate/overestimate difficulties
  
  低估能力underestimate one's abilities
  
  合作cooperation
  
  团队合作teamwork
  
  团队精神team spirit
  
  独生子女only children
  
  创新innovation
  
  奋斗精神striving spirit
  
  拼搏精神determined spirit
  
  人生观outlook of life
  
  积极态度positive attitude
  
  保持良好心态keep a good mood
  
  四、社会热点类
  
  激烈竞争fierce competition
  
  啃老族boomerang kids
  
  坚持persistence
  
  与他人合作cooperate/associate with others
  
  齐心协力/众志成城joint/cooperative efforts
  
  乐观optimism
  
  保持乐观keep optimistic
  
  悲观pessimism
  
  悲观的be pessimistic
  
  (一)健康:
  
  心理健康mental/psychological health/fitness
  
  心态state of mind
  
  进行体育锻炼do physical exercises
  
  生理健康physical health
  
  均衡饮食well-balanced diet
  
  (二)两代关系:
  
  代沟generation gap
  
  赡养financially support
  
  虐待mistreat, maltreat, ill-treat(ment)
  
  老龄化社会aging society
  
  人口老龄化population aging
  
  照顾care, take care of, look after
  
  老年人old/aged people, the old/aged/elders/elderly, senior citizens
  
  奉行孝道practice filial piety
  
  (三)社会公德
  
  公德public morality
  
  逃避责任avoid/shirk/shun one's duties/responsibilities
  
  不道德行为immoral behaviors
  
  随地吐痰spit everywhere
  
  大声喧哗make noise, talk loudly
  
  传统美德traditional virtue
  
  奉献devote/devotion/dedicate/dedication
  
  信任危机the crisis of trust
  
  公德堕落the corruption of public morality
  
  道德缺失the lack of moral sense
  
  责任duty/responsibility
  
  责任感sense of responsibility
  
  承担责任shoulder/assume/undertake one's duties/responsibilities
  
  (四)职业道德:professional ethics
  
  空洞承诺empty promise
  
  诚信honesty
  
  学术腐败academic corruption
  
  剽窃抄袭plagiarism
  
  伪劣产品fake commodities
  
  欺诈行为dishonest behaviors
  
  食品安全food safety
  
  (五)交通:
  
  私家车private cars
  
  交通拥堵 traffic jam/congestion, heavy traffic
  
  发展公共交通develop public transport
  
  醉驾drunk drive
  
  酒后驾车drive under the influence of alcohol
  
  司机driver
  
  行人pedestrian
  
  交通管制 traffic control
  
  (六)经济管理:
  
  经济危机 economic crisis/ financial crisis/ financial turmoil/financial meltdown
  
  经济不景气 recession/ bleeding economy/ depression/sluggish economy
  
  严峻的就业形势 a tough job market
  
  应对危机 face the crisis/ meet the crisis/ fight crisis
  
  基础设施建设 infrastructure construction
  
  实行节约 practice economy市场经济体制the market economy system
  
  经济全球化economic globalization
  
  科技进步advancements in science and technology
  
  重建信心 confidence reconstruction
  
  电信产业telecommunication industry
  
  社会保障体系social security system
  
  失业unemployment
  
  住房问题housing problem
  
  国产品牌domestic/national/Chinese brand
  
  市场份额market share/portion
  
  公司company/corporation
  
  深远的社会经济影响profound social and economic impact
  
  改革开放the the reform and opening-up
  
  可持续的城市发展sustainable urban development
  
  安居工程 affordable/comfortable housing project
  
  刺激消费 stimulate consumer spending
  
  私营企业private enterprise
  
  汽车产业automobile industry
  
  房地产业real estate industry
  
  企业enterprise
  
  员工staff/personnel
  
  雇主employer
  
  雇员employee
  
  工作满意度job satisfaction
  
  工作压力work/working pressure
  
  提高福利待遇improve welfare and treatment
  
  吸引外资attract foreign investment
  
  城市化urbanization

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